The Best Power Tools 2021

This page is all about the best cordless tools, accessories, and supplies you can buy for your work, DIY project, or home use.

The main goal is to help you pick the right product quickly and avoid getting useless products.

Remember that I have spent years working in this field and have tried different products to build things quickly, efficiently, and in the best possible way. Cordless tools are magical, and they make our lives so easy.

As a whole, I have spent hundreds of hours researching and testing for the search for the best tools. This makes me qualified to help you skip the worthless products and directly jump to the good stuff related to cordless drills, saws, impact drivers, accessories, supplies, etc., that you can actually use.

In each category, we have selected the best tools for a specific purpose. Click on the category below and select the right tool as per your needs.

Recommended Cordless Drills
Recommended Cordless Impact Wrenches and Drivers
Recommended Cordless Tool Combos
Recommended Cordless Saws
Recommended Cordless Grinders
Recommended Cordless Tools accessories

If you did not find what you are looking for here, check out our tools guide for in-depth recommendations. While this page is just the highlights, the tools guide provides pages of in-depth research and recommendations for just about any job imaginable.

List of Power Tools – Cordless and Corded

1. Power Drill

As the name implies, these are drilling machines with or without cords. They are widely used because they are portable and are good for home maintenance, and are a handy tool at workshops.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded
CategoryProfessional High Quality, DIY Mid Range, Beginner Compact
PurposeTo drill holes in a wide variety of materials using a wide variety of drill bits.
ConsumablesDrill bits are attached to the chuck of the drill to make holes
Power/TorqueRanges from 4 to 35 Nm
InventedElectric model in 1889, Australia
Main ComponentsChuck: 1/4 inch, 3/8 inch, and 1/2 inch size
Batteries: Li-ion (ranging from 6V-20V mostly)
Motors: Brushed or Brushless
Handle: Plastic Handle to grab the drill
Trigger: Gives speed and power
Rocker switch: Switches chuck from clockwise to anti-clockwise
Gear Switch: Controls speed and torque
Price Range$29-$149
Relevance10/10 for DIY and professional use. A must-have tool for homeowners.

2. Impact Driver

As the name infers, this tool produces high torque in quick impacts. These ‘bursts’ fall fifty times per second. They are powerful, portable, user-friendly, lighter, and compact. Great for projects involving endless screwing.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded
CategoryExpert, Professional, Apprentice, DIY
PurposeTo drive screws or fasteners with more power and least operation
Consumables 1/4 inch hexagonal driver bits
Power/Torque 1500 to 1800 in-lbs
InventedElectric version 1968, United States
Main ComponentsChuck: 1/4 inch, hexagonal, quick release
LED: several LED lights around the chuck
Forward and reverse switch: to insert screw and remove the screw
Batteries: rechargeable ni-ca, ni-metal hydride, and li-ion
Motors: Brushed or Brushless
Handle: Plastic Handle or a rubber grip to hold the machine
Trigger: Gives speed and power
Gear Switch: Controls speed and torque
Price Range$63-$299
Relevance10/10 for woodwork like deck making or plywood floor. A must-have tool for professionals who need to drive long screws.

3. Hammer drill

This drill machine bores holes with an additional hammer function to help drive the bit further into the job with the help of a two tooth-disc system. The hammer hits are fast, intense, vibratory, and loud. Awesome for masonry and concrete work, fit for construction sites.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded (more powerful)
CategoryExpert, Professional
PurposeTo drill holes with more power coming from hammering thrusts
Consumables 1/2 inch, 5/8 inch, etc. masonry bits
Power/Torque Up to 1200 inch-lbs of torque
InventedElectric Model by Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation, 1935
Main ComponentsChuck: Ranges from 1/16″ to 1/2″ (keyed or keyless)
Depth Guage: to measure the depth of drilling
Direction switch: to reverse the direction from clockwise to anticlockwise
Side handle: auxiliary handle for better hold on the machine
Mode selector: to select the drill alone or with additional hammer action
Power cord: most versions are corded
Motors: Brushed or Brushless
Handle: Plastic Handle or a rubber grip to hold the machine
Trigger: Gives speed and power
Gear Switch: Controls speed and torque
Price Range$39-$299
Relevance10/10 for masonry work or concrete flooring. A must-have tool for professionals at construction sites.

4. Rotary Hammer

A heavy-duty power tool is used for drilling and chiseling into masonry, ceramic, or concrete, with a piston mechanism that gives the hammering force. Suitable for drilling bigger holes. The hammering force is super fast and super intense with anti-vibrational technologies in many models.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded
CategoryExpert, Professional
PurposeDrilling and chipping with the higher force coming from hammering blows
Consumables Bits include: drillers, spade, chisel, cutter, core bit, etc. 1.5m long bits available (bores 1″ to 6″ diameter)
Power/Torque 1.5 ft-lbs to 10 ft-lbs or more, (18V to 115V or more)
Invented1930, John Adolphus Zublin (hydraulic mechanism for hammering action)
Main ComponentsChuck: use slotted drives; SDS plus, max, and spline with bit capacity of up to 2″. Shaft Size: 10mm to 18mm
Depth Guage: to measure the depth of drilling
Reverse switch: to change forward and reverse directions
Side Handle: auxiliary handle for better hold on the machine
Mode switch: 3 modes (chipping, drilling, and drilling with hammering)
Power Source: cord or battery: 18V to 250V with 10A current
Motors: 400W-1500W power (1.8 to 12 kg weight)
Lock-on button: to set a specific speed
Handle: pistol grip handle or D-shaped
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
Gearbox: Controls speed and torque
Housing: to protect internal components
Price Range$170-$499
Relevance10/10 for masonry work, tiles, or concrete flooring. A must-have tool for constructors.

5. Impact Wrench

A powerful tool that delivers very high rotational torque for loosening or tightening nuts, bolts, and fasteners. This is special because it eliminates physical output by power provided by an electric motor or compressed air. A must-have for mechanics who work on automobiles, heavy equipment, machine tools, construction projects, etc.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded, compressed air (pneumatic)
CategoryProfessional
PurposeTo loosen or tighten stubborn lugs, bolts, and fasteners.
Consumables Wrench sockets with 1/4′” to 1″ size. (mostly used is 1/2″ size )
Power/Torque 500 to 2000 ft-lbs of torque
InventedChicago, 1939 (electric and pneumatic models)
Main ComponentsChuck: 1/4″ sockets compatible
LED lights: Lights around the chuck
Battery: one or two Li-ion batteries in a cordless version
Power Source: Rechargeable battery, power cord, compressed air
Lock-On Button: to set a specific speed
Handle: Grip handle
Motor: 12V, 18V, or 24V DC-powered
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
Directional Valve: to decide clockwise or anticlockwise direction (loosening and tightening)
Rotary Cylinder, Wheel, and Blades: change compressed air into kinetic energy
Hammer Cage, Hammer Dog, Hammer Pin, and Anvil: The torques producing system
Price Range$138-$1000
Relevance10/10 for automobile, heavy machines, and equipment assembly. A must-have tool for mechanics.

6. Electric Screwdriver

This is a screwdriver best known for its neat, compact size and slower speed, providing better precision than a drill driver. Electric screwdrivers are a handy tool for light-duty jobs.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryBeginner, Amateur, Pro
PurposeTo drive or turn screws in a DIY project, medical devices, electronic firms, or home maintenance.
Consumables Phillips, Hex, Torx, and Square-Recess type of screwdriver configurations with 1″ to 12″ length and 6 different sizes.
Power/Torque 3 to 5 Nm of torque.
InventedBy Black & Decker, 1923
Main ComponentsBit Collar: to hold the bits
Torque Adjustment Nut: to pre-set the amount of torque that shall be applied on the screws.
Magnetized holder: to carry 2 bits at a time on the lateral sides of the 6″ device.
LED lights: Lights around the bit collar
Battery: Li-ion battery in a cordless version
Power Source: Rechargeable battery, power cable
Handle: grip handle
Motor: up to 4 Volts, Brushed or brushless
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
Directional Valve: to decide the clockwise or anticlockwise direction
Price Range$14-$30
Relevance10/10 for small component electric devices coupling, DIY, medical equipment. A must-have tool for electronic firms.

7. Rotary Tool

A rotary power tool is a handy, speedy, portable, lightweight, and multifunctional power tool with a rotatory head. The rotary tip accepts various bits, allowing different functions to be performed by this simple and compact device.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryBeginner, DIY, Pro
PurposeUsed for sanding, buffing, and polishing of surfaces. Used for carving in crafting. Also used for cutting, sharpening, and other home maintenance plans.
Consumables Cutting bits and wheels, grinding bits, sanding drums and wheels, brush and polishing bits (all bits come along with the tool).
Speed/power Up to 30,000 rpm speed. 1.8 to 5-amps of power
InventedAlbert J. Dremel, Austria, 1932
Main Componentscollet: 3/32, 1/4 or 1/8–inch, etc
LED lights: Lights around the collet
Battery: Li-ion battery in a cordless version (3.7V to 12V)
Power Source: Rechargeable battery, power cable
Handle: grip handle
Motor: up to 160-watt power, AC or DC; Brushed or brushless
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
weight and lengthUp to 1.3 lbs and 6 inches
Price Range$22-$110
Relevance10/10 for small component electric devices coupling, DIY, medical equipment. A must-have tool for electronic firms.

8. Jigsaw

This is a handheld power tool primarily meant for cutting in various shapes and angles. A great tool for DIY workers, carpenters, etc. It’s portable, compact, safe, and makes cutting efficiently simple. The key to excellent results with a jigsaw is to match a specific blade to the type of material you’ll cut.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryBeginner, DIY, small workshop
PurposeUsed for cutting wood, plastic, tile, steel or metal, etc. Ideal for cutting complex shapes and curves in wood. Not suitable for fast speed cutting of long and straight cuts (opt for circular saw)
Consumables Sharp blades of 2 to 3-1/2 in. long and either 1/4 in. wide.
Speed/power500 and 3500 spm, 400-900 watts
InventedAlbert Kaufmann, Switzerland, 1960
Main ComponentsBlade: most have upward pointed teeth for upstroke cut—also, grinding blades.
Blade clamps: U and T clamps secure the blade
Blade guard: Prevents accidents and deflects sawdust
Blade roller guide: supports the blade
Dust Collector
Footplate: Maintains the angle of the cut
Handle: D-shaped handle with barrel grip
Lock-on button: Keeps the speed constant
Laser guide: Guides the blade
Dust Blower: Prevents overheating of the motor
Trigger: This is the on-off switch, controls the speed of the blade.
Action Switch: For forwarding and backward oscillation of the blade.
Power Cord: For electrical power in corded versions.
Shoe Adjustment Lever: Adjusts the jigsaw shoe to bevel or linear.
Battery: Li-ion battery (up to 18V)
Speed Control Dial: Control the maximum cutting speed of your jigsaw
weight and length1.5kg to 3kg, stroke length: 18mm to 26mm
Price Range$34-$249
Relevance10/10 for DIY. A great tool for woodworkers.

9. Reciprocating Saw

Reciprocating saw is a demolition tool. This tool uses back-and-forth cutting strokes of the blade to cut through different materials. This tool saves a lot of time and limits frustration.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryAmateur, Professional, Expert
PurposeCuts wood and metallic surfaces, tree pruning, demolition and construction, framing and plumbing
Consumables Sharp blades up to 6 inches long
Speed/power2,600 to 3,300 spm, up to 1100 watts
InventedBy Milwaukee tool company, 1951
Main ComponentsBlade: 2 to 12 inches long for different material
Blade clamps/collet: To secure the blade
Pressure plate: in pneumatic models
Blade guard: Prevents accidents and deflects sawdust
Blade roller guide: supports the blade
Dust Collector: collects the dust
Footplate: Maintains the angle of the cut
Handle: D-shaped handle with barrel grip
Lock-on button: Keeps the speed constant
Trigger: This is the on-off switch, controls the speed of the blade.
Action Switch: moves the blade in an upwards and downwards motion
Power Cord: For electrical power in corded versions.
Vent: prevents overheating of the motor.
Battery: Li-ion battery (up to 18V)
Speed Control Dial: Controls the maximum cutting speed of the saw
weight and length8.3 pounds, 19-1/8 inches long
Price Range$49-$220
Relevance10/10 for DIY. A great tool for constructors and demolishers.

10. Circular Saw

It is a rotary cutting power tool with a circular form of toothed disc blades. Can cut through wood, plastic, metal, masonry, etc. Hand-held and mounted versions are available. Perfect for making straight cuts.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless and corded
CategoryProfessional, DIY enthusiasts
PurposeCuts through wood, metal, plastic, etc.
Consumables Sharp blades 7-1/4 in (crosscut saw, ripping saw blades, carbide tipped, etc.)
Speed/power4000-7000 rpm, up to 1200 watts
InventedBy Gervinus, 1780
Main ComponentsBattery: Li-ion, 18-20V
Bavel adjustment: adjusts the bevel angle
Motor: brushed or brushless
Plate: makes the saw sit onto the cutting surface
Blade Cover: protects from accidental contact
Bolt clamp: secures the blade into the tool
Cord: power cable for electrical supply
Handle: grip handle
Trigger: on and off switch
Brakes: to stop the spinning blade
weight and length9.85 lbs, 8-10 inches
TypesSidewinder, Hypoid, Worm drive
Price Range$39-$400
Relevance10/10 for carpenters, contractors, DIY.

11. Miter Saw

This is a saw popular for its precision in cutting. The crosscut, miter, and beveled cuts are the specialty of this power tool. The blade is dropped down over the surface that has to be cut. Somewhat portable. Suitable for projects that demand accurate and neat slices.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless and corded (up to 15-amp motors)
CategoryProfessional, DIY enthusiasts
PurposeMakes 90-degree crosscuts, angled and beveled cuts on wood, etc.
Consumables Sharp blades 8″, 10″and 12″ blade widths
Speed/powerup to 4500 RPM, 840-2100W
InventedBy Ed Niehaus, 1964
Main ComponentsBlade: Drops down on the workpiece.
Guard: Covers the blade and provide protection from injury
Table: Acts as a base for the miter saw and work area
Fence: ninety degrees to the saw, keeps the workpiece stable
Vise: vise grip on the side of the miter saw helps in the stabilization of the workpiece
Scale: Indicates the angle at which cutting is done
Battery: Li-ion, 18-20V
Motor: brushed or brushless
Bolt clamp: secures the blade into the tool
Cord: power cable for electrical supply
Handle: D shaped handle over the top of the saw
Trigger: on and off switch
Brakes: to stop the spinning blade
weight and length28 lbs, 8-10 inches
TypesStandard and compound
Price Range$129-$749
Relevance10/10 for carpenters, contractors, home improvement projects

12. Band Saw

As the name implies, a saw with a steel belt/band running over pulleys moves a vertical, long, and adjustable down stroked toothed blade to cut through different materials, especially wood. Not portable, as it is fixed on a table.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power Sourcecorded mostly (up to 11/5.5 amp at 115/230 volts)
CategoryProfessional, Experts
PurposeUse to cut different shapes and to resaw or rip lumber into thinner slabs.
Consumables Sharp blades with 2 to 14 teeth per inch. Which are regular, hook, and skip. Blade length can be up to 105.”
Speed/power1000 FPM, 746 watts or more
InventedBy William Newberry, 1808
Main ComponentsFrame: comprises the entire solid exterior, made of steel, aluminum, or plastic
Base: located at the bottom of the frame, works as a foundation or support.
Motor: located near the base, offers single or dual speed operation
Power switch: Provides electricity
Dust port: located near the base, funnels away the sawdust
Bandsaw table: The cutting platform, with 12′ by 14″ size, also has a miter gauge for angled cuts.
Tension knob: helps the blade to cut through softer or denser material without deflecting off the surface.
Wheels: spins to operate the band saw blades
Bandsaw tires: gripping for blade and provide a cushioning layer to prevent unnecessary wear on the blade and wheels
Other parts are the Rapid tension lever, Table tilt lever, Tracking knob, Height adjustment knob
weight and lengthup to 250 lbs
TypesMetal, Meat, Wood, Benchtop, Horizontal, Vertical, Portable, etc
Price Range$112-$139
Relevance10/10 for residential workshops and light industry

13. Table Saw

As the name implies, this saw is installed under a table. A circular blade that is fixed in an arbor project out over the top of the table. The material that has to be cut is slid over the table and consequently over the blade. This is mostly a nonportable power tool but awesome for a workshop.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power Sourcecorded (5 to 12amp 120V to 240V power outlet) rarely portable
CategoryDIY enthusiasts, Professional, Experts
Purposehelps to make accurate and precise cuts on wood. They make three types of cuts: crosscut, ripping cut, and dado cut.
Consumables Sharp blades that are a flat top grind, alternate top bevel, combination, and triple-chip grind. Usually 10” or 12” in diameter
Speed/power3,000 to 4,000 RMP, 1725 watts
InventedBy Samuel Miller, 1777
Main ComponentsTabletop: This is the work area. The workpiece lies over it and is fed to the blade
On/off switch: turns on or off the motor by controlling the power supply
Blade: cuts the workpiece
throat plate: seals the arbor and blade
arbor:  holds the blade and decides the blade size
Elevation and tilts wheels: adjust the height and angle of the blade
Blade guard: made of plastic or steel, protection is the goal
riving knife: helps prevent the workpiece from kicking back and injury
Dust collector: sucks out the workpiece dust through a vacuum hose
Cabinet: refers to a specific type of housing 
Other accessories: Rip fence, Fence lock, Miter gauge, Splitter, Anti-Kickback pawls, Magnetic switch, Table extensions, push stick, crosscut sled, etc
weight and length69 to 245 lbs
Typescompact, benchtop, Jobsite, contractor, hybrid, cabinet, and sliding
Price Range$129-$2650
Relevance10/10 for woodworkers, a great power tool for workshops

14. Chain Saw

As the name indicates, the chainsaw has a circular chain that rotates along a linear bar. This chain has teeth responsible for cutting through wood. It is specially designed to be portable, lightweight, beginners friendly, and a fast and powerful tool.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceThe petrol/gasoline engine, battery, or power cord
CategoryHome maintainers, Professionals
PurposeUsed in tree felling, limbing, bucking, pruning, cutting firebreaks in wildland fire suppression, and firewood harvesting.
Consumables Full chisel, semi-chisel, low-profile, chipper, skip, semi skip, gauge, etc. kind of chains, 14-18 inches size
Speed/powerup to 3000rpm, 1200W
InventedBy Bernhard Heine, 1830
Main ComponentsHandle: anti-vibration handle to avoid strain on the arm of the user
Handguard: helps protect from slipping or hitting the chain
chain brake: initiatives clutch function which activates or stops the chain
Muffler: reduce the noise
Spark arrestor: prevents injury and fire hazards
Chain catcher: this is a small metal hook intended to stop a broken chain
Throttle: sends fuel to runs the engine
Bar: the central metal piece that the chain rotates around
Chain: Wraps around the bar, has the teeth that do cutting
Fuel tank: gas/oil fuel mixture storage with a 50:1
Lubricant tank: to lubricate and avoid friction between bar and chain
Pull cord: a rope with a plastic handle to turn the engine on
High/low adjustment screws: controls the speed of the chain
Lean adjustment screw: controls amount of air/fuel mixture to the carburetor
On/Off switch and choke: is a lever that turns on or off the chainsaw
Engine: traditional chainsaws have a gas-powered engine. Battery and electricity-powered are following up
weight and lengthup to 15 lbs,
TypesManual / Pocket, Battery-powered, Corded-electric, Gas-powered, Pneumatic
Price Range$59-$299
Relevance10/10 for home maintainers, gardeners, etc.

15. Biscuit Joiner

This is an interesting power tool that makes semi-oval slots on the lateral side of two wood panels. A wooden biscuit is slid in the emptied slot, and some glue is poured into joining the two pieces of the wood.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded, cordless (up to 18V)
CategoryDIY, Professionals
PurposeUsed to join two plates of plywood, medium-density fiberboard, or particleboard together
Consumables small 2-4 inches circular saw blade, wooden oval-shaped biscuits 1/2″ to 15/16″
Speed/powerup to 10,000rpm, 800W
InventedBy Hermann Steiner, Switzerland, 1956
Main ComponentsDepth adjustment knob: It is spring-loaded, makes proper settings for biscuit sizes
adjustable fence: used to guide and balance the biscuit joiner,
Angle setting scale: adjusts the fence at angles from 0° to 135°
locking knob: loosens or tightens the adjustable fence
Dust bag: wood dust is collected into a dust bag through a tunnel
Dual grip handle: gives a choice of two grip areas for the user
Switch trigger: ON/OFF switch on the underside of the dual grip handle.
Height setting scale: shows the height of the fence from the center of the blade.
Height adjustment knob: moves the fence up or down to adjust the height of the fence from the center of the blade
Line of the cut indicator: helps in more accurate cuts
Blade: mostly 8-tooth blade for slot cutting
Non-skid surface: helps prevent misalignment caused by skidding during the use.
Biscuits: Biscuits swell rapidly upon contact with water-based woodworking glues
weight and lengthmostly 5-6 lbs
Typesstandard and compound
Price Range$60-$236
Relevance10/10 for DIYers, professional woodworkers, etc.

16. Angle Grinder

As the name indicates, this handheld power tool works primarily as a grinder or polisher. An angle grinder is also known as a disc or side grinder. It is a versatile power tool, used multipurpose. It is portable, lightweight, compact, and a must-have tool at constructions sites or manufacturing units. It has different kinds of blades at the tip (one at a time), which is responsible for the whole functioning of the tool.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded (13amps) , cordless
CategoryDIY, Professionals, Experts
PurposeUsed for grinding the edges, polishing surfaces, cutting through different materials, rust removal, etc
Consumables Grinding disc, cut-off disc, flap disc, wire wheels, diamond cut discs, polishing pads, etc
Speed/power2000 to 7300 RPM, 750W or more
InventedBy Ackermann + Schmitt, 1954
Main ComponentsPower switch: this is a button or trigger to activate the angle grinder
Lock button: renders the tool running without continuously having to hold the power lever or trigger.
Speed control dial: to control the disc rotation speed
Main handle: attached to the head of the grinder, has all buttons, and to be held by the dominant hand
side handle: for better grip and cutting accuracy
Body: also referred to as the head, houses the motor and other important parts
Motor: generates power or movement. Brushed or brushless
Brakes: to stop the spinning blades in almost 3 sec
Spindle: this is the rotating axis of the motor, which moves the blades
Blade guard: semi-circular attachment around the blade to prevent injury
Attachments: blades and discs that are mounted on the angle grinder are; cutting discs, sanding discs, grinding discs, wire brushes, and flap discs
Battery: 18 to 20 volts, Li-ion battery
weight and length3.75 lbs approximately, up to 7 inches
Typescordless, corded, pneumatic, variable speed, straight angle grinders
Price Range$29-$274
Relevance10/10 for DIYers, constructors, professionals, industrial manufacturing, etc.

17. Bench Grinder

As the name hints, this power tool is positioned over a benchtop. It has two adjacent wheels that have gritty surfaces. The wheels rotate at high speed. And shapes or grinds the surfaces that come in contact with it. The tool has another version that is called a pedestal grinder. This is a heavy appliance and non-portable but a must-have for any good workshop.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded mostly
CategoryProfessionals, Experts
PurposeUsed to shape, sharpen, buff, polish, or clean just about any metal object
Consumables 6 to 8 inch coarse or fine grinding wheels
Speed/powerabout 3,450 rpm, 500 watts when in use
InventedBy Jr John E Bernard
Main ComponentsGrinding wheels: made of ceramic alumina, aluminum oxide, and silicon carbide.
Motor: AC single-phase motor, DC in battery-powered (brushed or brushless)
Wheel Guard: protects from the sparks generated by friction and heat
Tool rest: A platform that supports the tools that have to be adjusted to sharpen them
Power switch: this is the on/off button to activate or stop the bench grinder
weight and lengtharound 39.5 lbs, 16 inches
TypesAutomotive, Woodworking, Standard Variable Speed, Portable
Price Range$64-$619
Relevance10/10 for constructors, professionals, industrial manufacturing, etc.

18. Belt Sander

As the name suggests, this is a sanding machine. It has two drums/pulleys that are rotated by a motor. A loop of sanding paper is mounted around these drums. Different materials, especially wooden edges, etc., are smoothened using this power tool. Has a variety of sizes ranging from handheld to tabletops. It makes finishing work easier.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded mostly, cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
PurposeUsed to trim, sand, round, shape, or level wooden materials
Consumables sanding strip, sanding disc, and belt
Speed/power3000 surface fpm
InventedBy Art Emmons, 1926
Main ComponentsSanding belt tracking adjustment knob
Locking lever
Sanding belt tension lever
Sanding belt
Front table
End guard/Dust hood
Motor Assembly
On/Off switch
Front table height adjustment knob
Front table height lock knobs
Base
Auxiliary table height adjustment
Locking lever
Auxiliary table
weight and lengtharound 15.8 lbs, up to 3 by 24 inches
Typeshand powered, tube, belt file, floor, stationary belt sanders
Price Range$51-$549
Relevance10/10 for woodworkers

19. Random Orbital Sander

This is a handheld tool with a round sanding disc and round sanding paper. It smoothens the surface of wood or other materials in a random orbital motion. The tool vibrates about to cover the maximum area. This is unique because it leaves no cross-grain scratches on the surface, and you can proceed with the sanding in any direction.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
PurposeUsed for sanding wood, plastic, and metal surfaces. Also, it smoothens wall coating or strips off old paint.
Consumables round sanding paper (80 to 220 grit size)
Speed/powerup to 10,000 times per minute
InventedBy Rupes Tools, 1968
Main ComponentsMotor: provides power for sanding
Power switch: the on and off button.
Palm grip: provides a better holding option for longer projects
D-handle: extra handle for holding
Barrel grip: for better holding of the tool
Dust bag: collects wood dust
Lip seal: a rubber seal to prevent the motor from wood dust
Sanding pad: rotates and oscillates the sanding disc
Sanding disc: a circular abrasive paper
weight and lengtharound 5 inches, 2-4 lbs
Typeselectrical, air-powered, and orbital floor sander
Price Range$172-$299
Relevance10/10 for furniture makers, and DIYers

20. Disc Sander

This is a powerful sanding tool. Comprises of a rotating wheel with sandpaper attached to the front. The tool is suitable for workshops and commercial use. Suit­able for smoothing ends of the workpiece, straight and miter cuts, and curved edges.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryProfessional/commercial use
PurposeUsed for sanding wood, plastic, and metal surfaces.
Consumables up to 12 inches round sanding paper
Speed/power1000 to 1600 rmp
InventedBy Art Emmons, 1926
Main ComponentsMotor: (brushed or brushless) provides power for sanding
Power switch: the on and off button
Sanding disc: Up to 12 inches sanding disc, with which the object to be sanded comes in contact
Disc table: to support the workpiece
Miter gauge: to angle the workpiece with respect to the sanding wheel
Bevel scale: adjusts the disc table
Screws: They are for the adjustments of the table, belt, etc.
weight and length12 inches, 72 lbs
Typeselectrical, air-powered
Price Range$286-$760
Relevance10/10 for workshop owners, commercial use

21. Wood Router

As the name implies, it routes or hollows out an area in the wood workpiece. This is the most versatile tool. This tool has a flat base and a changeable rotating bit, which rotates clockwise to carve wood patterns, shape edges, and other multiple functions. Especially useful in cabinet making.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
Purposeprimarily used for cutting joints, shaping edges, and grooving
Consumables quarter and half-inch bits (straight cut, round-over, etc.)
Speed/powerUp to 18000 rmp
InventedBy Jet Motor Hand Routers, 1915
Main ComponentsMotor and housing: vertically mounted, runs on up to 120-240V
Speed control: variable speeds to work on different materials and different bits
Collet and nut: steel sleeve attached to the motor, secures bits with the nut
Base: this is at the bottom, helps the tool to sit over the workpiece. It has a hole in the center for the bit protrusion and functioning
Depth stop: helps to set the height of the cutter and set the depth of the cut
Dust extraction sprout: extracts the dust of the workpiece.
weight and length9 to 18 lbs, 1/4 to 1/2-inch shank size
Typesfixed base, plunge routers
Price Range$79-$259
Relevance10/10 for carpentry (cabinetry), commercial use

22. Nail Gun

This is a handheld tool that injects nails into wood, steel, and other soft materials. Makes work more efficient, and is also compatible with heavy-duty and high volume applications. A nail gun has coiled or stripped nail magazines, that hold the clipped head or round head nails. This is a great choice for beginners to a professional range of work.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
PurposeDeckbuilding, furniture making, cabinetry, roof shingle installment, wood flooring, and other DIY.
Consumables 15-18 gauge nails, (clipped head nails and fully round head nails)
Speed/powercan hold two trips of 80 nails each per load, can launch up to 1400 feet/inch
InventedBy Morris Pynoos, in 1954
Main ComponentsMetal exhaust: keeps air away off the face of the user and blows away debris
Rubber grip handle: better grip on the tool with anti-vibration benefit
Mode selector: 3 modes (contact, sequential, lock) for nailing
Aluminum magazine: can take up to 100 nails before reloading
Depth adjust: ensures better sinking of the nails into the workpiece
Air chamber: for enhancing power in pneumatic/compressed air nail guns
Safety contact: provides better grip on the surface and secured nailing action
Fire/trigger: pulled to inject nails
Battery: in cordless versions, LI-ion battery (20V)
compressed air/ butane/propane: another type uses air
weight and lengthup to 8.5 lbs, 15 to 23 gauge nail guns
TypesFraming, flooring, palm, roofing, siding, pin, brad, staple, etc.
Price Range$34-$349
Relevance10/10 for construction sites, woodworking, DIY.

23. Air Compressor

This is a Power Tool that assists many pneumatic tools for their functioning. It is compatible with nail guns, impact wrenches, sanders, hammer drills, etc. This tool has a crankshaft that drives compressed air into the piston, or cylinder and then into the structures of the power tool with which it is attached. The piston then sustains the function of that particular tool. Has an automatic on-off system to maintain the air pressure. It is a good choice because it transforms your tools from pneumatic to cordless and portable.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryProfessional, Expert
Purposeconverts power (electrical energy) into potential energy (kinetic energy) which drives the other tools with the pressurized air, tire filling, spray painting, etc.
Consumables oil ranging from 1 gallon (4L) to 80 gallon
Speed/power1.5 to 6 HP (2H for corded version),
Airflow capacity: ‎up to 2.2 Cubic Feet Per Minute
InventedBy George Medhurst, 1799
Main ComponentsInternal structure: piston, connecting rod, crankshaft, cylinder, and valve head
Pressure gauge: measures and reflects the pressure of the air in PSI (pounds per inch square)
Connection hose: connects your air tool with the air compressor for the flow of pressurized air
Motor: uses a three-phase induction motor to convert electrical energy into kinetic energy
Inlet filter: filters the air from pollutants and chemical contaminants, filters up to 0.3 microns particles.
Crankcase: contains the lubricant (oil) to prevent wear and tear
Tank: this acts as the reservoir for the pressurized air
Cylinder with piston: uses the phenomenon of displacement to pressurize the air
Battery: up to 18V LI-Ion battery for a cordless version
weight and lengthup to 16 lbs weight in workshop versions
TypesRotary Screw, reciprocating, axial, and centrifugal compressors
Price Range$69-$526
Relevance10/10 for industrial work, workshops, DIY, etc.

24. Moisture Meter

As the name implies, this is a handy tool that measures moisture in concrete, wood, and gypsum, plants, etc. The readings are indicated in percentage form along with color range revealing dry and damp conditions. A moisture meter is a helpful tool for construction inspectors, furniture makers, floor installers, etc.

A fine quality moisture meter can be accurate up to 0.1% of the material’s moisture content by weight. Please opt for a penetrating moisture meter as it gives less false-positive readings than a non-invasive moisture meter.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryExpert, professional
PurposeIt measures the moisture content of different materials like wood, concrete, gypsum, etc.
Consumables Pins up to 8mm (pin-type moisture meter)
Speed/powerNeutron moisture meter works on radiation flux, 6000 miles per second emission speed from the source
InventedIn the 1920s
Main ComponentsPin-type:
cap: protects the pins when not in use.
Pins: penetrates into the material that has to be examined
LCD screen: analog or digital display to show off the moisture readings
Button: power, hold (freezes a reading), and mode (compares different readings from different materials) options.
Wrist strap: To keep the equipment secure from hitting the ground.
Pinless-type:
Sensor instead of pins: lies in the backside of the moisture meter, works on the principle of electrical resistance
weight and length145mmx62mmx27mm (wood/paper moisture meter)
TypesPinned, pin-less, all-in-one
Price Range$17-$635
Relevance10/10 for construction inspectors, furniture makers, gardeners.

25. Shop Vac

This is a vacuum machine used at construction sites, wood-related workshops, and home-based work garages. It has a suction pump that runs with the help of a motor and pulls in wood chunks and concrete particles, metal screws, nails, and dry dust. Has a big canister to hold the dirt and debris. The wheels make the shop vac portable and easy to handle. Can also clean the wet mess.

As the name implies, these are drilling machines with or without cords. They are widely used because they are portable and are good for home maintenance, and a handy tool at workshops.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded
CategoryProfessional High Quality, DIY Mid Range, Beginner Compact
PurposeTo drill holes in a wide variety of materials using a wide variety of drill bits.
ConsumablesDrill bits are attached to the chuck of the drill to make holes
Power/TorqueRanges from 4 to 35 Nm
InventedElectric model in 1889, Australia
Main ComponentsChuck: 1/4 inch, 3/8 inch, and 1/2 inch size
Batteries: Li-ion (ranging from 6V-20V mostly)
Motors: Brushed or Brushless
Handle: Plastic Handle to grab the drill
Trigger: Gives speed and power
Rocker switch: Switches chuck from clockwise to anti-clockwise
Gear Switch: Controls speed and torque
Price Range$29-$149
Relevance10/10 for DIY and professional use. A must-have tool for homeowners.

2. Impact Driver

As the name infers, this tool produces high torque in quick impacts. These ‘bursts’ fall fifty times per second. They are powerful, portable, user-friendly, lighter, and compact. Great for projects involving endless screwing.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded
CategoryExpert, Professional, Apprentice, DIY
PurposeTo drive screws or fasteners with more power and least operation
Consumables 1/4 inch hexagonal driver bits
Power/Torque 1500 to 1800 in-lbs
InventedElectric version 1968, United States
Main ComponentsChuck: 1/4 inch, hexagonal, quick release
LED: several LED lights around the chuck
Forward and reverse switch: to insert screw and remove the screw
Batteries: rechargeable ni-ca, ni-metal hydride, and li-ion
Motors: Brushed or Brushless
Handle: Plastic Handle or a rubber grip to hold the machine
Trigger: Gives speed and power
Gear Switch: Controls speed and torque
Price Range$63-$299
Relevance10/10 for woodwork like deck making or plywood floor. A must-have tool for professionals who need to drive long screws.

3. Hammer drill

This drill machine bores holes with an additional hammer function to help drive the bit further into the job with the help of a two tooth-disc system. The hammer hits are fast, intense, vibratory, and loud. Awesome for masonry and concrete work, fit for construction sites.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded (more powerful)
CategoryExpert, Professional
PurposeTo drill holes with more power coming from hammering thrusts
Consumables 1/2 inch, 5/8 inch, etc. masonry bits
Power/Torque Up to 1200 inch-lbs of torque
InventedElectric Model by Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation, 1935
Main ComponentsChuck: Ranges from 1/16″ to 1/2″ (keyed or keyless)
Depth Guage: to measure the depth of drilling
Direction switch: to reverse the direction from clockwise to anticlockwise
Side handle: auxiliary handle for better hold on the machine
Mode selector: to select the drill alone or with additional hammer action
Power cord: most versions are corded
Motors: Brushed or Brushless
Handle: Plastic Handle or a rubber grip to hold the machine
Trigger: Gives speed and power
Gear Switch: Controls speed and torque
Price Range$39-$299
Relevance10/10 for masonry work or concrete flooring. A must-have tool for professionals at construction sites.

4. Rotary Hammer

A heavy-duty power tool is used for drilling and chiseling into masonry, ceramic, or concrete, with a piston mechanism that gives the hammering force. Suitable for drilling bigger holes. The hammering force is super fast and super intense with anti-vibrational technologies in many models.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded
CategoryExpert, Professional
PurposeDrilling and chipping with the higher force coming from hammering blows
Consumables Bits include: drillers, spade, chisel, cutter, core bit, etc. 1.5m long bits available (bores 1″ to 6″ diameter)
Power/Torque 1.5 ft-lbs to 10 ft-lbs or more, (18V to 115V or more)
Invented1930, John Adolphus Zublin (hydraulic mechanism for hammering action)
Main ComponentsChuck: use slotted drives; SDS plus, max, and spline with bit capacity of up to 2″. Shaft Size: 10mm to 18mm
Depth Guage: to measure the depth of drilling
Reverse switch: to change forward and reverse directions
Side Handle: auxiliary handle for better hold on the machine
Mode switch: 3 modes (chipping, drilling, and drilling with hammering)
Power Source: cord or battery: 18V to 250V with 10A current
Motors: 400W-1500W power (1.8 to 12 kg weight)
Lock-on button: to set a specific speed
Handle: pistol grip handle or D-shaped
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
Gearbox: Controls speed and torque
Housing: to protect internal components
Price Range$170-$499
Relevance10/10 for masonry work, tiles, or concrete flooring. A must-have tool for constructors.

5. Impact Wrench

A powerful tool that delivers very high rotational torque for loosening or tightening nuts, bolts, and fasteners. This is special because it eliminates physical output by power provided by an electric motor or compressed air. A must-have for mechanics who work on automobiles, heavy equipment, machine tools, construction projects, etc.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery), Corded, compressed air (pneumatic)
CategoryProfessional
PurposeTo loosen or tighten stubborn lugs, bolts, and fasteners.
Consumables Wrench sockets with 1/4′” to 1″ size. (mostly used is 1/2″ size )
Power/Torque 500 to 2000 ft-lbs of torque
InventedChicago, 1939 (electric and pneumatic models)
Main ComponentsChuck: 1/4″ sockets compatible
LED lights: Lights around the chuck
Battery: one or two Li-ion batteries in a cordless version
Power Source: Rechargeable battery, power cord, compressed air
Lock-On Button: to set a specific speed
Handle: Grip handle
Motor: 12V, 18V, or 24V DC-powered
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
Directional Valve: to decide clockwise or anticlockwise direction (loosening and tightening)
Rotary Cylinder, Wheel, and Blades: change compressed air into kinetic energy
Hammer Cage, Hammer Dog, Hammer Pin, and Anvil: The torques producing system
Price Range$138-$1000
Relevance10/10 for automobile, heavy machines, and equipment assembly. A must-have tool for mechanics.

6. Electric Screwdriver

This is a screwdriver best known for its neat, compact size and slower speed, providing better precision than a drill driver. Electric screwdrivers are a handy tool for light-duty jobs.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryBeginner, Amateur, Pro
PurposeTo drive or turn screws in a DIY project, medical devices, electronic firms, or home maintenance.
Consumables Phillips, Hex, Torx, and Square-Recess type of screwdriver configurations with 1″ to 12″ length and 6 different sizes.
Power/Torque 3 to 5 Nm of torque.
InventedBy Black & Decker, 1923
Main ComponentsBit Collar: to hold the bits
Torque Adjustment Nut: to pre-set the amount of torque that shall be applied on the screws.
Magnetized holder: to carry 2 bits at a time on the lateral sides of the 6″ device.
LED lights: Lights around the bit collar
Battery: Li-ion battery in a cordless version
Power Source: Rechargeable battery, power cable
Handle: grip handle
Motor: up to 4 Volts, Brushed or brushless
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
Directional Valve: to decide the clockwise or anticlockwise direction
Price Range$14-$30
Relevance10/10 for small component electric devices coupling, DIY, medical equipment. A must-have tool for electronic firms.

7. Rotary Tool

A rotary power tool is a handy, speedy, portable, lightweight, and multifunctional power tool with a rotatory head. The rotary tip accepts various bits, allowing different functions to be performed by this simple and compact device.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryBeginner, DIY, Pro
PurposeUsed for sanding, buffing, and polishing of surfaces. Used for carving in crafting. Also used for cutting, sharpening, and other home maintenance plans.
Consumables Cutting bits and wheels, grinding bits, sanding drums and wheels, brush and polishing bits (all bits come along with the tool).
Speed/power Up to 30,000 rpm speed. 1.8 to 5-amps of power
InventedAlbert J. Dremel, Austria, 1932
Main Componentscollet: 3/32, 1/4 or 1/8–inch, etc
LED lights: Lights around the collet
Battery: Li-ion battery in a cordless version (3.7V to 12V)
Power Source: Rechargeable battery, power cable
Handle: grip handle
Motor: up to 160-watt power, AC or DC; Brushed or brushless
Trigger Switch: Gives speed and power
weight and lengthUp to 1.3 lbs and 6 inches
Price Range$22-$110
Relevance10/10 for small component electric devices coupling, DIY, medical equipment. A must-have tool for electronic firms.

8. Jigsaw

This is a handheld power tool primarily meant for cutting in various shapes and angles. A great tool for DIY workers, carpenters, etc. It’s portable, compact, safe, and makes cutting efficiently simple. The key to excellent results with a jigsaw is to match a specific blade to the type of material you’ll cut.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryBeginner, DIY, small workshop
PurposeUsed for cutting wood, plastic, tile, steel or metal, etc. Ideal for cutting complex shapes and curves in wood. Not suitable for fast speed cutting of long and straight cuts (opt for circular saw)
Consumables Sharp blades of 2 to 3-1/2 in. long and either 1/4 in. wide.
Speed/power500 and 3500 spm, 400-900 watts
InventedAlbert Kaufmann, Switzerland, 1960
Main ComponentsBlade: most have upward pointed teeth for upstroke cut—also, grinding blades.
Blade clamps: U and T clamps secure the blade
Blade guard: Prevents accidents and deflects sawdust
Blade roller guide: supports the blade
Dust Collector
Footplate: Maintains the angle of the cut
Handle: D-shaped handle with barrel grip
Lock-on button: Keeps the speed constant
Laser guide: Guides the blade
Dust Blower: Prevents overheating of the motor
Trigger: This is the on-off switch, controls the speed of the blade.
Action Switch: For forwarding and backward oscillation of the blade.
Power Cord: For electrical power in corded versions.
Shoe Adjustment Lever: Adjusts the jigsaw shoe to bevel or linear.
Battery: Li-ion battery (up to 18V)
Speed Control Dial: Control the maximum cutting speed of your jigsaw
weight and length1.5kg to 3kg, stroke length: 18mm to 26mm
Price Range$34-$249
Relevance10/10 for DIY. A great tool for woodworkers.

9. Reciprocating Saw

Reciprocating saw is a demolition tool. This tool uses back-and-forth cutting strokes of the blade to cut through different materials. This tool saves a lot of time and limits frustration.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless (battery) and corded
CategoryAmateur, Professional, Expert
PurposeCuts wood and metallic surfaces, tree pruning, demolition and construction, framing and plumbing
Consumables Sharp blades up to 6 inches long
Speed/power2,600 to 3,300 spm, up to 1100 watts
InventedBy Milwaukee tool company, 1951
Main ComponentsBlade: 2 to 12 inches long for different material
Blade clamps/collet: To secure the blade
Pressure plate: in pneumatic models
Blade guard: Prevents accidents and deflects sawdust
Blade roller guide: supports the blade
Dust Collector: collects the dust
Footplate: Maintains the angle of the cut
Handle: D-shaped handle with barrel grip
Lock-on button: Keeps the speed constant
Trigger: This is the on-off switch, controls the speed of the blade.
Action Switch: moves the blade in an upwards and downwards motion
Power Cord: For electrical power in corded versions.
Vent: prevents overheating of the motor.
Battery: Li-ion battery (up to 18V)
Speed Control Dial: Controls the maximum cutting speed of the saw
weight and length8.3 pounds, 19-1/8 inches long
Price Range$49-$220
Relevance10/10 for DIY. A great tool for constructors and demolishers.

10. Circular Saw

It is a rotary cutting power tool with a circular form of toothed disc blades. Can cut through wood, plastic, metal, masonry, etc. Hand-held and mounted versions are available. Perfect for making straight cuts.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless and corded
CategoryProfessional, DIY enthusiasts
PurposeCuts through wood, metal, plastic, etc.
Consumables Sharp blades 7-1/4 in (crosscut saw, ripping saw blades, carbide tipped, etc.)
Speed/power4000-7000 rpm, up to 1200 watts
InventedBy Gervinus, 1780
Main ComponentsBattery: Li-ion, 18-20V
Bavel adjustment: adjusts the bevel angle
Motor: brushed or brushless
Plate: makes the saw sit onto the cutting surface
Blade Cover: protects from accidental contact
Bolt clamp: secures the blade into the tool
Cord: power cable for electrical supply
Handle: grip handle
Trigger: on and off switch
Brakes: to stop the spinning blade
weight and length9.85 lbs, 8-10 inches
TypesSidewinder, Hypoid, Worm drive
Price Range$39-$400
Relevance10/10 for carpenters, contractors, DIY.

11. Miter Saw

This is a saw popular for its precision in cutting. The crosscut, miter, and beveled cuts are the specialty of this power tool. The blade is dropped down over the surface that has to be cut. Somewhat portable. Suitable for projects that demand accurate and neat slices.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCordless and corded (up to 15-amp motors)
CategoryProfessional, DIY enthusiasts
PurposeMakes 90-degree crosscuts, angled and beveled cuts on wood, etc.
Consumables Sharp blades 8″, 10″and 12″ blade widths
Speed/powerup to 4500 RPM, 840-2100W
InventedBy Ed Niehaus, 1964
Main ComponentsBlade: Drops down on the workpiece.
Guard: Covers the blade and provide protection from injury
Table: Acts as a base for the miter saw and work area
Fence: ninety degrees to the saw, keeps the workpiece stable
Vise: vise grip on the side of the miter saw helps in the stabilization of the workpiece
Scale: Indicates the angle at which cutting is done
Battery: Li-ion, 18-20V
Motor: brushed or brushless
Bolt clamp: secures the blade into the tool
Cord: power cable for electrical supply
Handle: D shaped handle over the top of the saw
Trigger: on and off switch
Brakes: to stop the spinning blade
weight and length28 lbs, 8-10 inches
TypesStandard and compound
Price Range$129-$749
Relevance10/10 for carpenters, contractors, home improvement projects

12. Band Saw

As the name implies, a saw with a steel belt/band running over pulleys moves a vertical, long, and adjustable down stroked toothed blade to cut through different materials, especially wood. Not portable, as it is fixed on a table.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power Sourcecorded mostly (up to 11/5.5 amp at 115/230 volts)
CategoryProfessional, Experts
PurposeUse to cut different shapes and to resaw or rip lumber into thinner slabs.
Consumables Sharp blades with 2 to 14 teeth per inch. Which are regular, hook, and skip. Blade length can be up to 105.”
Speed/power1000 FPM, 746 watts or more
InventedBy William Newberry, 1808
Main ComponentsFrame: comprises the entire solid exterior, made of steel, aluminum, or plastic
Base: located at the bottom of the frame, works as a foundation or support.
Motor: located near the base, offers single or dual speed operation
Power switch: Provides electricity
Dust port: located near the base, funnels away the sawdust
Bandsaw table: The cutting platform, with 12′ by 14″ size, also has a miter gauge for angled cuts.
Tension knob: helps the blade to cut through softer or denser material without deflecting off the surface.
Wheels: spins to operate the band saw blades
Bandsaw tires: gripping for blade and provide a cushioning layer to prevent unnecessary wear on the blade and wheels
Other parts are the Rapid tension lever, Table tilt lever, Tracking knob, Height adjustment knob
weight and lengthup to 250 lbs
TypesMetal, Meat, Wood, Benchtop, Horizontal, Vertical, Portable, etc
Price Range$112-$139
Relevance10/10 for residential workshops and light industry

13. Table Saw

As the name implies, this saw is installed under a table. A circular blade that is fixed in an arbor project out over the top of the table. The material that has to be cut is slid over the table and consequently over the blade. This is mostly a nonportable power tool but awesome for a workshop.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power Sourcecorded (5 to 12amp 120V to 240V power outlet) rarely portable
CategoryDIY enthusiasts, Professional, Experts
Purposehelps to make accurate and precise cuts on wood. They make three types of cuts: crosscut, ripping cut, and dado cut.
Consumables Sharp blades that are a flat top grind, alternate top bevel, combination, and triple-chip grind. Usually 10” or 12” in diameter
Speed/power3,000 to 4,000 RMP, 1725 watts
InventedBy Samuel Miller, 1777
Main ComponentsTabletop: This is the work area. The workpiece lies over it and is fed to the blade
On/off switch: turns on or off the motor by controlling the power supply
Blade: cuts the workpiece
throat plate: seals the arbor and blade
arbor:  holds the blade and decides the blade size
Elevation and tilts wheels: adjust the height and angle of the blade
Blade guard: made of plastic or steel, protection is the goal
riving knife: helps prevent the workpiece from kicking back and injury
Dust collector: sucks out the workpiece dust through a vacuum hose
Cabinet: refers to a specific type of housing 
Other accessories: Rip fence, Fence lock, Miter gauge, Splitter, Anti-Kickback pawls, Magnetic switch, Table extensions, push stick, crosscut sled, etc
weight and length69 to 245 lbs
Typescompact, benchtop, Jobsite, contractor, hybrid, cabinet, and sliding
Price Range$129-$2650
Relevance10/10 for woodworkers, a great power tool for workshops

14. Chain Saw

As the name indicates, the chainsaw has a circular chain that rotates along a linear bar. This chain has teeth responsible for cutting through wood. It is specially designed to be portable, lightweight, beginners friendly, and a fast and powerful tool.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceThe petrol/gasoline engine, battery, or power cord
CategoryHome maintainers, Professionals
PurposeUsed in tree felling, limbing, bucking, pruning, cutting firebreaks in wildland fire suppression, and firewood harvesting.
Consumables Full chisel, semi-chisel, low-profile, chipper, skip, semi skip, gauge, etc. kind of chains, 14-18 inches size
Speed/powerup to 3000rpm, 1200W
InventedBy Bernhard Heine, 1830
Main ComponentsHandle: anti-vibration handle to avoid strain on the arm of the user
Handguard: helps protect from slipping or hitting the chain
chain brake: initiatives clutch function which activates or stops the chain
Muffler: reduce the noise
Spark arrestor: prevents injury and fire hazards
Chain catcher: this is a small metal hook intended to stop a broken chain
Throttle: sends fuel to runs the engine
Bar: the central metal piece that the chain rotates around
Chain: Wraps around the bar, has the teeth that do cutting
Fuel tank: gas/oil fuel mixture storage with a 50:1
Lubricant tank: to lubricate and avoid friction between bar and chain
Pull cord: a rope with a plastic handle to turn the engine on
High/low adjustment screws: controls the speed of the chain
Lean adjustment screw: controls amount of air/fuel mixture to the carburetor
On/Off switch and choke: is a lever that turns on or off the chainsaw
Engine: traditional chainsaws have a gas-powered engine. Battery and electricity-powered are following up
weight and lengthup to 15 lbs,
TypesManual / Pocket, Battery-powered, Corded-electric, Gas-powered, Pneumatic
Price Range$59-$299
Relevance10/10 for home maintainers, gardeners, etc.

15. Biscuit Joiner

This is an interesting power tool that makes semi-oval slots on the lateral side of two wood panels. A wooden biscuit is slid in the emptied slot, and some glue is poured into joining the two pieces of the wood.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded, cordless (up to 18V)
CategoryDIY, Professionals
PurposeUsed to join two plates of plywood, medium-density fiberboard, or particleboard together
Consumables small 2-4 inches circular saw blade, wooden oval-shaped biscuits 1/2″ to 15/16″
Speed/powerup to 10,000rpm, 800W
InventedBy Hermann Steiner, Switzerland, 1956
Main ComponentsDepth adjustment knob: It is spring-loaded, makes proper settings for biscuit sizes
adjustable fence: used to guide and balance the biscuit joiner,
Angle setting scale: adjusts the fence at angles from 0° to 135°
locking knob: loosens or tightens the adjustable fence
Dust bag: wood dust is collected into a dust bag through a tunnel
Dual grip handle: gives a choice of two grip areas for the user
Switch trigger: ON/OFF switch on the underside of the dual grip handle.
Height setting scale: shows the height of the fence from the center of the blade.
Height adjustment knob: moves the fence up or down to adjust the height of the fence from the center of the blade
Line of the cut indicator: helps in more accurate cuts
Blade: mostly 8-tooth blade for slot cutting
Non-skid surface: helps prevent misalignment caused by skidding during the use.
Biscuits: Biscuits swell rapidly upon contact with water-based woodworking glues
weight and lengthmostly 5-6 lbs
Typesstandard and compound
Price Range$60-$236
Relevance10/10 for DIYers, professional woodworkers, etc.

16. Angle Grinder

As the name indicates, this handheld power tool works primarily as a grinder or polisher. An angle grinder is also known as a disc or side grinder. It is a versatile power tool, used multipurpose. It is portable, lightweight, compact, and a must-have tool at constructions sites or manufacturing units. It has different kinds of blades at the tip (one at a time), which is responsible for the whole functioning of the tool.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded (13amps) , cordless
CategoryDIY, Professionals, Experts
PurposeUsed for grinding the edges, polishing surfaces, cutting through different materials, rust removal, etc
Consumables Grinding disc, cut-off disc, flap disc, wire wheels, diamond cut discs, polishing pads, etc
Speed/power2000 to 7300 RPM, 750W or more
InventedBy Ackermann + Schmitt, 1954
Main ComponentsPower switch: this is a button or trigger to activate the angle grinder
Lock button: renders the tool running without continuously having to hold the power lever or trigger.
Speed control dial: to control the disc rotation speed
Main handle: attached to the head of the grinder, has all buttons, and to be held by the dominant hand
side handle: for better grip and cutting accuracy
Body: also referred to as the head, houses the motor and other important parts
Motor: generates power or movement. Brushed or brushless
Brakes: to stop the spinning blades in almost 3 sec
Spindle: this is the rotating axis of the motor, which moves the blades
Blade guard: semi-circular attachment around the blade to prevent injury
Attachments: blades and discs that are mounted on the angle grinder are; cutting discs, sanding discs, grinding discs, wire brushes, and flap discs
Battery: 18 to 20 volts, Li-ion battery
weight and length3.75 lbs approximately, up to 7 inches
Typescordless, corded, pneumatic, variable speed, straight angle grinders
Price Range$29-$274
Relevance10/10 for DIYers, constructors, professionals, industrial manufacturing, etc.

17. Bench Grinder

As the name hints, this power tool is positioned over a benchtop. It has two adjacent wheels that have gritty surfaces. The wheels rotate at high speed. And shapes or grinds the surfaces that come in contact with it. The tool has another version that is called a pedestal grinder. This is a heavy appliance and non-portable but a must-have for any good workshop.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded mostly
CategoryProfessionals, Experts
PurposeUsed to shape, sharpen, buff, polish, or clean just about any metal object
Consumables 6 to 8 inch coarse or fine grinding wheels
Speed/powerabout 3,450 rpm, 500 watts when in use
InventedBy Jr John E Bernard
Main ComponentsGrinding wheels: made of ceramic alumina, aluminum oxide, and silicon carbide.
Motor: AC single-phase motor, DC in battery-powered (brushed or brushless)
Wheel Guard: protects from the sparks generated by friction and heat
Tool rest: A platform that supports the tools that have to be adjusted to sharpen them
Power switch: this is the on/off button to activate or stop the bench grinder
weight and lengtharound 39.5 lbs, 16 inches
TypesAutomotive, Woodworking, Standard Variable Speed, Portable
Price Range$64-$619
Relevance10/10 for constructors, professionals, industrial manufacturing, etc.

18. Belt Sander

As the name suggests, this is a sanding machine. It has two drums/pulleys that are rotated by a motor. A loop of sanding paper is mounted around these drums. Different materials, especially wooden edges, etc., are smoothened using this power tool. Has a variety of sizes ranging from handheld to tabletops. It makes finishing work easier.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded mostly, cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
PurposeUsed to trim, sand, round, shape, or level wooden materials
Consumables sanding strip, sanding disc, and belt
Speed/power3000 surface fpm
InventedBy Art Emmons, 1926
Main ComponentsSanding belt tracking adjustment knob
Locking lever
Sanding belt tension lever
Sanding belt
Front table
End guard/Dust hood
Motor Assembly
On/Off switch
Front table height adjustment knob
Front table height lock knobs
Base
Auxiliary table height adjustment
Locking lever
Auxiliary table
weight and lengtharound 15.8 lbs, up to 3 by 24 inches
Typeshand powered, tube, belt file, floor, stationary belt sanders
Price Range$51-$549
Relevance10/10 for woodworkers

19. Random Orbital Sander

This is a handheld tool with a round sanding disc and round sanding paper. It smoothens the surface of wood or other materials in a random orbital motion. The tool vibrates about to cover the maximum area. This is unique because it leaves no cross-grain scratches on the surface, and you can proceed with the sanding in any direction.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
PurposeUsed for sanding wood, plastic, and metal surfaces. Also, it smoothens wall coating or strips off old paint.
Consumables round sanding paper (80 to 220 grit size)
Speed/powerup to 10,000 times per minute
InventedBy Rupes Tools, 1968
Main ComponentsMotor: provides power for sanding
Power switch: the on and off button.
Palm grip: provides a better holding option for longer projects
D-handle: extra handle for holding
Barrel grip: for better holding of the tool
Dust bag: collects wood dust
Lip seal: a rubber seal to prevent the motor from wood dust
Sanding pad: rotates and oscillates the sanding disc
Sanding disc: a circular abrasive paper
weight and lengtharound 5 inches, 2-4 lbs
Typeselectrical, air-powered, and orbital floor sander
Price Range$172-$299
Relevance10/10 for furniture makers, and DIYers

20. Disc Sander

This is a powerful sanding tool. Comprises of a rotating wheel with sandpaper attached to the front. The tool is suitable for workshops and commercial use. Suit­able for smoothing ends of the workpiece, straight and miter cuts, and curved edges.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryProfessional/commercial use
PurposeUsed for sanding wood, plastic, and metal surfaces.
Consumables up to 12 inches round sanding paper
Speed/power1000 to 1600 rmp
InventedBy Art Emmons, 1926
Main ComponentsMotor: (brushed or brushless) provides power for sanding
Power switch: the on and off button
Sanding disc: Up to 12 inches sanding disc, with which the object to be sanded comes in contact
Disc table: to support the workpiece
Miter gauge: to angle the workpiece with respect to the sanding wheel
Bevel scale: adjusts the disc table
Screws: They are for the adjustments of the table, belt, etc.
weight and length12 inches, 72 lbs
Typeselectrical, air-powered
Price Range$286-$760
Relevance10/10 for workshop owners, commercial use

21. Wood Router

As the name implies, it routes or hollows out an area in the wood workpiece. This is the most versatile tool. This tool has a flat base and a changeable rotating bit, which rotates clockwise to carve wood patterns, shape edges, and other multiple functions. Especially useful in cabinet making.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
Purposeprimarily used for cutting joints, shaping edges, and grooving
Consumables quarter and half-inch bits (straight cut, round-over, etc.)
Speed/powerUp to 18000 rmp
InventedBy Jet Motor Hand Routers, 1915
Main ComponentsMotor and housing: vertically mounted, runs on up to 120-240V
Speed control: variable speeds to work on different materials and different bits
Collet and nut: steel sleeve attached to the motor, secures bits with the nut
Base: this is at the bottom, helps the tool to sit over the workpiece. It has a hole in the center for the bit protrusion and functioning
Depth stop: helps to set the height of the cutter and set the depth of the cut
Dust extraction sprout: extracts the dust of the workpiece.
weight and length9 to 18 lbs, 1/4 to 1/2-inch shank size
Typesfixed base, plunge routers
Price Range$79-$259
Relevance10/10 for carpentry (cabinetry), commercial use

22. Nail Gun

This is a handheld tool that injects nails into wood, steel, and other soft materials. Makes work more efficient, and is also compatible with heavy-duty and high volume applications. A nail gun has coiled or stripped nail magazines, that hold the clipped head or round head nails. This is a great choice for beginners to a professional range of work.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryDIY, Professional
PurposeDeckbuilding, furniture making, cabinetry, roof shingle installment, wood flooring, and other DIY.
Consumables 15-18 gauge nails, (clipped head nails and fully round head nails)
Speed/powercan hold two trips of 80 nails each per load, can launch up to 1400 feet/inch
InventedBy Morris Pynoos, in 1954
Main ComponentsMetal exhaust: keeps air away off the face of the user and blows away debris
Rubber grip handle: better grip on the tool with anti-vibration benefit
Mode selector: 3 modes (contact, sequential, lock) for nailing
Aluminum magazine: can take up to 100 nails before reloading
Depth adjust: ensures better sinking of the nails into the workpiece
Air chamber: for enhancing power in pneumatic/compressed air nail guns
Safety contact: provides better grip on the surface and secured nailing action
Fire/trigger: pulled to inject nails
Battery: in cordless versions, LI-ion battery (20V)
compressed air/ butane/propane: another type uses air
weight and lengthup to 8.5 lbs, 15 to 23 gauge nail guns
TypesFraming, flooring, palm, roofing, siding, pin, brad, staple, etc.
Price Range$34-$349
Relevance10/10 for construction sites, woodworking, DIY.

23. Air Compressor

This is a Power Tool that assists many pneumatic tools for their functioning. It is compatible with nail guns, impact wrenches, sanders, hammer drills, etc. This tool has a crankshaft that drives compressed air into the piston, or cylinder and then into the structures of the power tool with which it is attached. The piston then sustains the function of that particular tool. Has an automatic on-off system to maintain the air pressure. It is a good choice because it transforms your tools from pneumatic to cordless and portable.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryProfessional, Expert
Purposeconverts power (electrical energy) into potential energy (kinetic energy) which drives the other tools with the pressurized air, tire filling, spray painting, etc.
Consumables oil ranging from 1 gallon (4L) to 80 gallon
Speed/power1.5 to 6 HP (2H for corded version),
Airflow capacity: ‎up to 2.2 Cubic Feet Per Minute
InventedBy George Medhurst, 1799
Main ComponentsInternal structure: piston, connecting rod, crankshaft, cylinder, and valve head
Pressure gauge: measures and reflects the pressure of the air in PSI (pounds per inch square)
Connection hose: connects your air tool with the air compressor for the flow of pressurized air
Motor: uses a three-phase induction motor to convert electrical energy into kinetic energy
Inlet filter: filters the air from pollutants and chemical contaminants, filters up to 0.3 microns particles.
Crankcase: contains the lubricant (oil) to prevent wear and tear
Tank: this acts as the reservoir for the pressurized air
Cylinder with piston: uses the phenomenon of displacement to pressurize the air
Battery: up to 18V LI-Ion battery for a cordless version
weight and lengthup to 16 lbs weight in workshop versions
TypesRotary Screw, reciprocating, axial, and centrifugal compressors
Price Range$69-$526
Relevance10/10 for industrial work, workshops, DIY, etc.

24. Moisture Meter

As the name implies, this is a handy tool that measures moisture in concrete, wood, and gypsum, plants, etc. The readings are indicated in percentage form along with color range revealing dry and damp conditions. A moisture meter is a helpful tool for construction inspectors, furniture makers, floor installers, etc.

A fine quality moisture meter can be accurate up to 0.1% of the material’s moisture content by weight. Please opt for a penetrating moisture meter as it gives less false-positive readings than a non-invasive moisture meter.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryExpert, professional
PurposeIt measures the moisture content of different materials like wood, concrete, gypsum, etc.
Consumables Pins up to 8mm (pin-type moisture meter)
Speed/powerNeutron moisture meter works on radiation flux, 6000 miles per second emission speed from the source
InventedIn the 1920s
Main ComponentsPin-type:
cap: protects the pins when not in use.
Pins: penetrates into the material that has to be examined
LCD screen: analog or digital display to show off the moisture readings
Button: power, hold (freezes a reading), and mode (compares different readings from different materials) options.
Wrist strap: To keep the equipment secure from hitting the ground.
Pinless-type:
Sensor instead of pins: lies in the backside of the moisture meter, works on the principle of electrical resistance
weight and length145mmx62mmx27mm (wood/paper moisture meter)
TypesPinned, pin-less, all-in-one
Price Range$17-$635
Relevance10/10 for construction inspectors, furniture makers, gardeners.

25. Shop Vac

This is a vacuum machine used at construction sites, wood-related workshops, and home-based work garages. It has a suction pump that runs with the help of a motor and pulls in wood chunks and concrete particles, metal screws, nails, and dry dust. Has a big canister to hold the dirt and debris. The wheels make the shop vac portable and easy to handle. Can also clean the wet mess.

FEATUREDETAILS
Power SourceCorded and cordless
CategoryAmatuer, Expert, Professional
PurposeSucks up wood and concrete debris with help of a suction hose and wand into the canister
Consumables hose, wand, nozzle, etc. can hold up to 6 gallons.
Speed/power127 CMF of suction, up to 6 HP (horsepower)
InventedIn 1901, by Hubert Cecil Booth
Main ComponentsHandle: Has a handle on the top to move
Wheels: helps to slide the power tool across the area
Motor: Brushless motor
Battery: Li-ion 12- 18V battery
Filter system: Maintains suction power
Hose: carries the debris with the help of air into the canister
Holes: for air intake and outlet
Nozzle: sucks up the dry wood dust, etc.
On/off button: switch to carry or withdraw the function
Variable speed dial: can change the speed of the suction
weight and lengthRanges between 2-18 gallons of capacity, 12 lbs (of a 5-gallon shop vac)
$53-$821
Price Range
Relevance10/10 for construction sites, workshops, woodworking.